Are there varying degrees of Heaven and Hell?
There’s no biblical evidence that our human spirit will be fundamentally and basically changed after death. Thus, it’s likely we will be capable of various degrees of satisfaction in eternity, depending upon our capacity for such, since we are capable of different levels of satisfaction in this life.
The Bible implies varying levels of reward for the saved. Jesus’ parable of the 10 minas teaches such (Luke 19:12ff). He promised to “repay each person according to what he has done” (Matt. 16:27). “According to” (kata) implies a norm, a standard by which rewards or punishments are given, signifying a proportionately fair dispersal. Paul knew he would have both joy and glory for converting souls (1 Thess. 2:19-20), yet he also cautioned us to seek true converts over superficial ones because if one’s converts did not endure, he himself would still be saved while also suffering “loss” of the joy and glory of knowing his work of converting those souls would be fruitful for eternity (1 Cor. 3:10ff; cf. Gal. 4:11). In other words, the more of our converts who endure and finally arrive in heaven, the greater our joy and reward will be.
In like manner, the Bible also implies varying levels of punishment for the condemned. Cities in Galilee were told it would be “more tolerable” for Tyre, Sidon, and Sodom than for them (Matt. 11:20-24; cf. 10:15). The knowingly disobedient would be punished more than those who were punished because they ignorantly disobeyed (Luke 12:47-48). Pilate was told that those who had delivered Jesus to him “have the greater sin” (John 19:11), implying a greater punishment. Willful, unrepentant sinners under the New Covenant would receive a “worse” punishment than unrepentant sinners under the Old Covenant (Heb. 10:26-31). The “last state” of apostate Christians would be “worse” than it would have been should they had never been converted in the first place (2 Pet. 2:20-22; cf. 1 Pet. 4:17).