Have you ever been manipulated by someone to such a degree that when the entire thing is over you feel like an old bath towel that has been hung out to dry, just kind of waving back and forth in the wind? I know that I have and I don’t really care to relive those experiences or recount them. They are quite embarrassing to recall and usually emotionally painful as well. Perhaps, however, one of the biggest manipulations in our culture and society is the philosophies of post modernism. Whether we realize it or not, and most do not, the way that we think in our society and culture is influenced. Television, advertisements, the evening news, sitcoms, buying products at the grocery store, video games, movies, restaurants, theme parks, religious services even our closest friends are influenced.

Post modernism is the period of philosophical thought after the period of modernism when rationality and logic prevailed as the primary methods of seeking to understand reality. In the 19th century, however, philosophers divorced rationality from reality and placed a greater emphasis upon personal physical experience and existence (empiricism and existentialism). Philosophy gave up seeking to understand things by virtue of pure reason and instead sought to understand things by means of personal subjective experience. This meant that if something was outside of my personal experience, then it was unknowable because I could not subjectively experience it. Many have credited this movement with divorcing faith (defined as things outside of personal experience) and knowledge (defined as things part of personal experience) and today most simply accept this dichotomy of thought without question. Such was not always the case; the distinction between faith and knowledge made by early post modernistic thinkers was not present in the thinking of early Christians (see for example John 6:69, John 10:38, 1 Timothy 4:3, 1 Timothy 5:13).

Today you will see post modernistic thought reflected in just about every aspect of our society. The focus of society has shifted away from the question, “What do you think?” to the question, “What do you feel?” “Feeling,” as a way of discerning truth, has replaced “thinking” in the post modern culture. Feelings are the primary input in regard to sense experience and so whether we are content, discontent, or whatever, it all depends upon what we feel about something. This way of thinking is subtle and many do not understand they are being manipulated by post modern thinking; nevertheless they are manipulated into patterns of behavior that are personally destructive as a result of this philosophy and our default acceptance of it.

We need to understand that such thinking is antagonistic to Christian thought where we are exhorted to use our mind to control our passions. The concept of sobriety is a familiar concept in the New Testament which emphasizes exactly this point. Christians are to be sober ( 1 Peter 1:13) and not allow their personal feelings, passions, and experiences to overwhelm their Christian thought and knowledge. In Christianity, thought leads feelings, not vice versa. This is why Paul can write in Philippians 4:8 “think on these things.” By virtue of our thoughts controlling and shaping our experience, the Christian is able to have the peace that passes all understands ( Philippians 4:7). When our experience, however, leads our thoughts, then we are placed in the situation that James describes in James 1:6 “like the surge of the sea driven by the wind and tossed.” When we allow our experiences to dominate then our thoughts will follow and instead of having a positive, optimistic view of life that we know is ours through revelation, we begin to focus upon physical problems and difficulties that slant our thinking toward pessimism and a generally destructive view of life. We will then have no thought patterns that are capable of processing our experience meaningfully and constructively. Instead our thought patterns will be processed BY our experience, whatever that experience might be. It is due to this fundamental shift in thinking away from experience and toward allowing thought to control their lives that early Christians found themselves “rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer dishonor for the Name” ( Acts 5:41).

It takes a fundamental shift in thinking and a supreme effort of the will in order to break the cycle of post modernistic thought and behavior. We must do this, however, in order to bring our lives back into a pattern that is dominated not by experience, but by thought. It helps when we have individuals around us who are also willing to make the effort. It is, however, incredibly difficult to do in a society where experience trumps thought in every direction we turn. The church can play a great role in providing a haven against post modernistic thought when Christians reject experience as the arbiter of thought and embrace the principles of Christianity as shaping their experiences.

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Saved by Grace through Faith

Saved by Grace through Faith

In Ephesians 2:8-9, Paul wrote, “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God“.  God’s grace is indeed a wonderful thing without which none would have any hope.  But we need to understand that saved by grace through faith does not mean we have no role to fulfill in our salvation.  If we did not have any responsibility in God’s plan then Paul contradicted himself when he told the Philippians to “work out their own salvation” in 2:12.

Saved by grace through faith means God’s grace is conditional upon faith.  If Grace were not conditional, everyone would be saved whether they had faith or not.  Grace is defined as an unmerited beneficial disposition.  God graciously provided a means whereby man could be saved through the sacrifice of His Son, Jesus on the cross of Calvary.  Man did nothing to earn it, did not deserve it and can never repay what it cost God to provide it.  God offered his way of salvation because of His love and Gracious nature.  Grace as a biblical term represents God reaching down from heaven to fallen man with a plan whereby man could be saved from his sin and have a hope of eternal life with God.  Mankind must meet the conditions God placed on His grace.

But salvation by faith does not mean salvation by faith alone.  The Bible plainly states that our salvation is not in James 2:24 which reads, “Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only“.  Jesus Christ said in Matthew 7:21 that  “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.”  People who say “Lord, Lord” are believers.  They have faith, but Jesus says unless they do the will of the Father in Heaven, they will enter the kingdom heaven.  So we must understand that faith as a biblical term represents the system of faith which the Christian must live in obedience to in order to receive God’s grace.  Paul affirmed this to be true in regards to the grace he received in Romans 1:5-6 which reads, “Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name“.  This is why the writer of Hebrews wrote concerning Jesus in Hebrews 5:9, “And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him“.

Grace represents everything God did to make salvation available to man.  Faith is a Biblical term representing everything fallen man does in response to God’s grace.  Grace is God’s role in man’s salvation, faith is therefore man’s role which manifests itself in obedience to God’s will.  It is by faith that we obey (Hebrews 11).

When its all said and done, no matter what good we may do in obedience to God will still leave us short of earning our salvation.  Nothing man could do can ever place God in man’s debt or repay God what is cost Him to save us.  Nothing we could do can ever save us apart from the blood of Christ shed on the cross of Calvary.  In the end, our works of obedience will leave us short and it will be the grace of God that bridges the gap between us and an eternity in heaven with Him.  We are indeed saved by the grace of God through the faith of Christ.  Please visit us at to learn more about God’s grace and our faith.

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Living Faith

Living Faith

The Bible teaches that we are saved by God’s grace through faith in Ephesians 2 and that we cannot save ourselves on the merits of anything we do.  But this does not mean our faith is to be a passive mental assent in the reality of Jesus Christ and what He accomplished for man through His sacrifice.

Peter wrote in chapter 2 of his second epistle that we are to strive to add many qualities to our faith such as virtue, knowledge, temperance, patience, godliness and charity.  Peter went on to say that these qualities keep us from being barren and unfruitful in knowledge.  He also said those who lack these Christian virtues are blind and barren.  Peter then exhorts all Christians to give diligence to do these things, in other words, Peter said to make an effort to make these things a part of their faith.

James had much to say about faith in chapter 2 of his epistle.  He wrote by inspiration that “Faith without works is dead” (v20).  He went on to say that it is by works that our faith is perfected or made complete.  After giving the example of Abraham’s obedient faith, James went on to say these words in verse 24, “You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only”.  James then concluded this teaching by again saying that a faith without works is as dead a body without a spirit.

Jesus said in Matthew 7:21 that, “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.”  Those who have knowledge of and believe in Jesus enough to call Him Lord must do the will of the Father if they want to enter into the kingdom of Heaven.  Jesus says they cannot rely on their faith alone to get them there.  He went on to teach the parable of the foolish and wise house builders.  The wise builder who obeyed Jesus Christ was the one who built his house on rock.

Is your faith a living faith, complete with obedient service to our Lord and King, Jesus Christ, or do you have a faith which is inactive and dead?  We are commanded by God’s word to examine ourselves to see if we are in the faith (2 Corinthians 13:5).  A dead faith won’t save us any more than works alone can save us.  The two work together to produce a living, saving faith.

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Welcome to Church of Christ Articles

bibleThe objective of Church of Christ Articles is to enable you the reader to discover what preachers from the Churches of Christ are teaching.  The preachers study and come to their conclusions by studying the Bible.  Each of the men on who post on this site are all in agreement on what constitutes “Biblical Authority” and “God’s Plan of Salvation” and strive to teach accordingly.  However, on other topics, their conclusions may differ at times.  Consider those conclusions and as the Bereans, see if these things are so.

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Where Should We Stand on the Issue of Fellowship?

The Bible doctrine of fellowship is a difficult subject for many because of the strong emotions involved in personal relationships. No one wants to withdraw fellowship from anyone, especially their friends and family. Yet the Bible teaches clearly in such passages as Matthew 18, 1 Corinthians 5, 2 Thessalonians 3, and Romans 16:17 that sometimes we must. The Bible also teaches that failure to withdraw fellowship appropriately is equally offensive to God (2 Thessalonians 3:14). Such underscores the seriousness God has regarding the command.

Practicing this command is not easy to do either spiritually or emotionally. Because of this, some simply will not do what God desires: they will not withdraw fellowship when God’s word demands it. This kind of thinking places our love for men above our love for God and His word. These individuals need to be reminded that God comes first in our affections (Matthew 6:33, 22:37-38). We love God by keeping His commandments (1 John 5:2-3). Can we both love God and fellowship those who have left the faith? We cannot.

In contrast to the above attitude, there are those who abuse church discipline. These want to withdraw fellowship upon the slightest of indiscretions. To compound their error, they hold faithful brethren, who in patience and love continue to work with these individuals, in equal contempt. This view of fellowship is based upon the erroneous conclusion from 2 John 10-11 that mere personal appearances with certain people are enough to withdraw. In contrast, 2 John 10-11 teaches that we ought not to give aid and comfort to deliberate false teachers. If we do such, with support and encouragement, obviously we partake of their evil deeds.

2 John 10-11 does not suggest, however, that fellowship ought to be recursively withdrawn from anyone appearing with someone who is in error. Such a position would imply that faithful brethren would need to withdraw fellowship from themselves as there is always someone with whom we are in fellowship, who fellowships someone who fellowships someone (etc.) who is not in fellowship. Any doctrine of fellowship that implies that a faithful Christian need withdraw fellowship from himself is a false doctrine of fellowship! On the other hand, we have those who say there are no boundaries of fellowship at all. “We can fellowship everyone regardless of who they are or what they believe.” Such is an equally repugnant and unbiblical position to hold.

How ought we to practice the Bible doctrine of fellowship? We ought, on a case by case basis, to judge according to righteous judgment and not according to appearance (John 7:24). We ought to accept each individuals person without partiality (1 Timothy 5:21, James 3:17) until such a point in time as they prove to us individually that they have left the faith (1 Timothy 1:19-20). Such proof may take the form of their public writings, speaking, or other actions. If their actions are private, we are obliged to follow the procedures set forth in Matthew 18:15-20 until such a time as it becomes public. We have no precedent, however, to withdraw from someone other than dealing with their actions individually and personally. Nevertheless, when such has been proven that they have left the faith, we must withdraw.

Such a view of withdrawal is biblical, balanced, loving, and consistent with the Bible’s complete teaching on the doctrine of fellowship. It thus seeks to love God first in obeying His commands, and also our fellow man in respecting his personal situation without judging inappropriately. Practicing the Bible’s teaching regarding fellowship is not easy one way or the other. Let us not, however, seek to make it easy by either not practicing it at all, or by throwing out the proverbial baby with the bathwater and not having fellowship with anyone but our own clique. Instead, let us seek to judge each individual fairly, on a case by case basis, without resorting to a cliquish or devilish mentality.

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