Church of God or Church of Christ
Why does Paul address the church as “the church of God” rather than “the church of Christ”? (1 Cor. 1:2; 2 Cor. 1:1) In these passages he is speaking to all the saints. Aren’t the saints the church of Christ?
Christ IS God (John 1:1, 14). Therefore, the terms “church of Christ” and “church of God” mean the same thing. The church which belongs to Christ belongs to God.
The term “church of Christ” is not the only biblical name given to the New Testament church (cf. 1 Cor. 1:2; Acts 9:2; Heb. 12:23; 1 Thess. 1:1; etc.)
The term “saints” comes from the Greek word hagios, which literally means “most holy thing” or “one sanctified.” One is sanctified through baptism into the church of Christ (1 Cor. 6:11; 12:13; cf. Eph. 1:22-23). Therefore saints make up the church/assembly/ekklesia of Christ, the church of God, the Lord’s church.